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Beyond this Site

This site contains a substantial collection of documents relating to the death of Peter Verigin, but is just a beginning step in the investigation of the fascinating history of the Doukhobors, their leaders and their interactions with mainstream society in Canada. Below are listed sources to seek out if you want to explore further.

Books and Other Published Sources

Berton, Pierre. The Promised Land: Settling the West 1896-1914. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1984.

Blakemore, William Report of the Royal Commission on Matters Relating to the Sect of Doukhobors in the Province of British Columbia. Victoria: King’s Printer, 1913.

Bonch-Bruevich, Vladimir, ed., Victor O. Buyniak, trans. The Book of Life of the Doukhobors (The Living Book). Saskatoon and Blaine Lake: Doukhobor Societies of Saskatchewan, 1978.

Donskov, Andrew. Leo Tolstoy and the Canadian Doukhobors: an historic relationship. Ottawa: Slavic Research Group at the University of Ottawa with Centre for Research on Canadian-Russian Relations at Carleton University, 2005.

__., ed. Leo Tolstoy-Peter Verigin Correspondence. Prepared by Lidia Gromova-Opul’skaya, trans. John Woodsworth. New York, Toronto, Ottawa: Legas, 1995.

__, John Woodsworth and Chad Gaffield, eds. The Doukhobor Centenary in Canada: A multi-disciplinary perspective on their unity and diversity. Ottawa: Slavic Research Group, University & Institute of Canadian Studies, University of Ottawa, 2000.

Elkinton, Joseph. The Doukhobors, Their History in Russia, Their Migration to Canada. Philadelphia: Ferris and Leach, 1903.

Ewashen, Larry. Peter V. Verigin 1859-1924: An Appreciation. Creston, B.C.: Great Western Publishing, 1988.

__ and Koozma Tarasoff. In Search of Utopia: The Doukhobors. 2nd. ed.. Veregin, Saskatchewan: Living Word Corporation, 1990.

Friesen, John W. and Michael M. Verigin. The Community Doukhobors: A People in Transition. Ottawa: Borealis Press, 1989.

Holt, Simma. Terror in the Name of God: The Story of the Sons of Freedom Doukhobors. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1964

Inikova, Svetlana A. Doukhobor Incantations Through the Centuries ed. and trans. Koozma Tarasoff. New York, Toronto, Ottawa: Legas,1999.

__. History of the Doukhobors in V.D. Bonch-Bruevich’s Archives (1886-1950s) ed. Koozma J. Tarasoff. New York, Toronto, Ottawa: Legas, 1999.

Janzen, William. Limits on Liberty: The Experience of Mennonite, Hutterite and Doukhobors Communities in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

Lapshinoff, Steve. Documentary Report on the Death of Peter Verigin, et. al. in a Train Explosion near Farron, B.C. in 1924. Crescent Valley, B.C.: Steve Lapshinoff, 1993.

Maude, Aylmer. A Peculiar People. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1904.

Mealing, F. Mark. Doukhobor Life: A Survey of Doukhobor Religion, History, & Folklife. Castlegar, B.C.: Kootenay Doukhobor Historical Society/Cotinneh Books, 1975.

Sulerzhitsky, L.A. To America with the Doukhobors. Trans. Michael Kalmakoff, with an introduction by Mark Mealing. Regina: Canadian Plains Research Centre, 1982.

Tarasoff, Koozma. Plakun Trava: The Doukhobors. Grand Forks, B.C.: Mir Publication Society, 1982.

__. A Pictorial History of the Doukhobors. Saskatoon: Prairie Books Department, Western Producers Books, 1969.

__. Spirit Wrestlers: Doukhobor Pioneers’ Strategies for Living. Ottawa: Legas and Spirit Wrestlers Publishing, 2002.

__, ed. and comp. Spirit Wrestlers’ Voices: Honouring Doukhobors on the Centenary of their Migration to Canada in 1899. New York, Toronto, Ottawa: Legas, 1999.

__. and Robert B. Klymasz. Spirit Wrestlers: Centennial Papers in Honour of Canada’s Doukhobor Heritage. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1995.

Tracie, Carl J. “Toil and Peaceful Life”: Doukhobor Village Settlement in Saskatchewan, 1899-1918. Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center, 1996.

Woodcock, George and Ivan Avakumovic. The Doukhobors. Toronto & New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Wright, J.F.C. Slava Bohu. New York: Ferrar & Rinehart, 1940.

Zubek, John and Patricia Solberg. Doukhobors at War. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1952.


Lyons, John E. “The (Almost) Quiet Evolution: Doukhobor Schooling in Saskatchewan.” Canadian Ethnic Studies 8, no. 1 (1976): 23-37.

McLaren, John. “‘The Despicable Crime of Nudity’: Law, the State and Civil Protest Among the Sons of Freedom Sect of Doukhobors, 1899-1935.” Journal of the West 38 (3): 27-33.

__. “The Failed Experiments: The Demise of Doukhobor Systems of Communal Property Landholding in Saskatchewan and British Columbia, 1899-1999,” in John McLaren, A.R. Buck and Nancy E. Wright, eds., Despotic Dominion: Property Rights in British Settler Societies. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005: pp. 222-247.

__. “The State, Child Snatching, and the Law: The Seizure and Indoctrination of Sons of Freedom Children in British Columbia, 1950-1960,” in John McLaren, Robert Menzies and Dorothy E. Chunn, eds., Regulating Lives: Historical Essays on the State, Society, the Individual, and the Law. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002: pp. 259-293

Unpublished Sources

Expanded Kootenay Committee on Intergroup Relations (KCIR), Proceedings at Meeting (also Proceedings of Session), Volumes A, B and 1-100 (October 28, 1982 to September 17, 1987).

Lyons, John E. "A History of Doukhobor Schooling in Saskatchewan and British Columbia 1899-1939." M.A. thesis, University of Calgary, 1973.

Films and Websites

B.C. Archives
Canadian Museum of Civilization: Doukhobors: Spirit Wrestlers
Doukhobor Genealogy Website
Doukhobor Village Museum, Castlegar, B.C.
Hamm, Jim, prod. & dir. The Spirit Wrestlers. Vancouver: Jim Hamm Productions, Ltd., 2002. (Film)
Iskra: Voice of the Doukhobors Library and Archives Canada The Spirit Wrestlers Simon Fraser University, The Doukhobor Collection University of British Columbia, Rare Books and Special Collections