Procedure relative to the interrogation of witnesses.
CHILDREN of both sexes, although below the age of puberty, will be allowed to depose, unless the Judge has reason to doubt the necessity & solidity of their testimony.
ALL persons called forward to have their testimony heard, or for re-examination or confrontation,
will be required to appear as ordered; & could be laypersons liable to a fine for a first default, & imprisonment of their persons in cases of contempt: even Ecclesiastics may be fined, failing payment of which they will be liable to seizure of their worldly goods. [...]
THE witnesses prior to being heard, will present the summonses to testify with which they were served, of which mention will be made in their depositions. Nevertheless the Judges may hear court-appointed witnesses, & those without a summons if necessary.
THE witnesses will swear an oath & be required to state their name, surname, age, status, residence, & if they are servants or domestics, family or allied to the parties, & to what degree;
32& mention will
be made of everything, under threat of the deposition being nullified, & of incurred expenses, damages & interests of the parties against the Judge.
THE witnesses will be heard secretly & separately, & will sign their depositions, after having their depositions read to them & having declared that they persist on them; mention of this will be made by the Clerk under threat of the penalties stated in the aforementioned Article.
THE amount for the expenses & salary of the Witness will be assessed by the Judge. We forbid our prosecutors & those of the Seigneurs, & all parties, to give anything to the Witness, unless it is so ordained.
Source: Louis XIV, "Procedure relative to the interrogation of witnesses, in l'Ordonnance ... pour les matières criminelles" (: Chez les Associés, 1670).